Posted March 3, 2023 in General, Pet Blog by Rachael Fick
Let’s explore how to manage dog allergies, by understand the different allergy types, identifying the problem source, recognizing their symptoms, simple prevention tips, and treatment options, as well as allergy medications for dogs.
Like humans, dog allergies come in several forms depending on the allergen, how or where it was encountered and even breed type all play a role in the allergic reaction.
Food allergies and sensitivities can cause itchy skin, as well. The most common places dogs with food allergies itch are their ears and their paws, and this may be accompanied by gastrointestinal symptoms. Most Common Dog Food Allergies: Beef, Dairy, Wheat, Eggs, Chicken, Lamb, Soy Tip: Your vet may recommend a special diet that can help reduce allergy symptoms. This may involve feeding your dog hypoallergenic food or switching to a diet that is free from common allergens.
Some dogs are allergic to flea saliva. This makes affected dogs extremely itchy, especially at the base of the tail, and their skin may become red, inflamed, and scabbed. You may also notice signs of fleas, such as flea dirt, or even see the fleas themselves. This is the easiest allergy to identify. There are many flea and tick products that effectively protect your pet and prevent further flea infestation.
Environmental allergens, such as dust, pollen, and mold, can cause an atopic allergic reactions or atopic dermatitis. In most cases, these allergies are seasonal, so you may only notice your dog itching during certain times of the year. As with food allergies, the commonly affected areas are the paws and ears (but can also include the wrists, ankles, muzzle, underarms, groin, around the eyes, and in between the toes). All skin allergies pose the risk of secondary infection. As your dog scratches, bites, and licks at his skin, he risks opening his skin to yeast and bacterial infections that may require treatment. Tip: Regularly clean your home to reduce the number of allergens in the environment. Vacuum frequently and wash your dog’s bedding and toys regularly. Using air filters or limiting your dog’s exposure to certain environments.
This type of allergy is when any substance that encounters your pets skin and causes an allergic reaction. This can be a result of a shampoo, skin/coat grooming treatment, or even certain fabrics such as a favorite blanket, pet bed or mat.
The first step in managing allergies in dogs is to identify the allergen. Common allergens include food, dust, pollen, and mold. You may need to work with your veterinarian to determine the source of the allergy. Schedule an appointment with your veterinarian to get a diagnosis and treatment plan. Your vet may recommend allergy testing or a diet change to help identify the source of the allergy. Another option to consider is using an at home allergy test kit. Allergy Test My Pet® is an easy-to-use pet sensitivity test to help discover the factors that may be affecting your dog’s wellness. It’s quick, easy, and completely painless and offers a custom analysis of over 100 food and environmental items that your dog may have sensitivities to.
Just like humans, dogs can experience a range of symptoms when they suffer from allergies. These symptoms can include:
Even if you cannot eliminate the allergen, you can manage your dog’s symptoms. This may involve using antihistamines, corticosteroids, or other medications to relieve itching, inflammation, and other allergic reactions.
Preventing allergies in dogs can be challenging, but there are some ways you can help to reduce the risk of your dog developing allergies.
Feeding your dog, a healthy, balanced diet can help boost their immune system, which can reduce the risk of allergies.
Regular baths and grooming can help reduce the risk of allergies in dogs by removing dirt, pollen, and other allergens from their skin and coat.
Fleas and ticks can be a major source of allergens for dogs. Keeping your dog on a flea and tick prevention medication can help reduce the risk of allergies.
If your dog has a known allergy, it’s important to minimize their exposure to the allergen as much as possible. For example, if your dog is allergic to pollen, you may need to keep them indoors during high pollen count days.
While prevention is key when it comes to managing allergies in dogs, sometimes medication is necessary to manage symptoms. It’s important to work closely with your veterinarian to determine which medications your dog should take and proper dosage. There are several allergy medications for dogs available on the market, including:
A medication that targets the itchiness associated with allergies. It works quickly and can provide relief within 24 hours. However, it does not address the underlying cause of the allergy.
An immunosuppressant medication that can help reduce the severity of allergic reactions in dogs. It can take several weeks to start working, and it can have some side effects.
A steroid medication that can help reduce inflammation and itching associated with allergies. It is typically prescribed for short-term use as long-term use can lead to unwanted side-effects. It is important to work with and follow your veterinarian’s instructions with prednisone and any other medication you give your dogs.